Actual Infrastructure Cyberattacks and Hacks

Perlroth, N. July 1, 2014. Russian Hackers Targeting Oil and Gas Companies. New York Times.

Russian hackers have been systematically targeting hundreds of Western oil and gas companies, as well as energy investment firms, according to private cybersecurity researchers.  The motive behind the attacks appears to be industrial espionage and also gives them the opportunity to seize control of industrial control systems from afar, in much the same way the United States and Israel were able to use the Stuxnet computer worm in 2009 to take control of an Iranian nuclear facility’s computer systems and destroy a fifth of the country’s uranium supply, the researchers said.

The Russian attacks on over 1,000 organizations in over 84 countries, were first discovered in August 2012 by researchers at CrowdStrike, a security company in Irvine, Calif. The company noticed an unusually sophisticated and aggressive Russian group targeting the energy sector, in addition to health care, governments and defense contractors.

The Russian hackers have been breaking into the networks of industrial control software, or I.C.S., makers, inserting so-called Trojans into the software used by many oil and energy firms to allow employees to remotely get access to industrial control systems. So when oil and gas companies downloaded the latest version of the software, they inadvertently downloaded the hackers’ malware as well.

Security researchers estimate that more than 250 companies downloaded the infected software updates.

“These infections not only gave the attackers a beachhead in the targeted organizations’ networks, but also gave them the means to mount sabotage operations against infected I.C.S. computers,” Symantec wrote in its report Monday.

More recently, Energetic Bear has been targeting companies in the financial sector, said Adam Meyers, CrowdStrike’s head of threat intelligence. In particular, the group has been attacking some websites frequented by firms that invest in the energy sector.

AMERICA IS UNDER CYBER ATTACK: WHY URGENT ACTION IS NEEDED Hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight, Investigatoins, and Management of the Committee on Homeland Security.  HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES 112th CONGRESS 2nd Session April 24, 2012

In February 2011, media reports stated that computer hackers had broken into and stolen proprietary information worth millions of dollars from the networks of six U.S. and European energy companies.

In August 2006, two circulation pumps at Unit 3 of the Browns Ferry, Alabama, nuclear power plant failed, forcing the unit to be shut down manually. The failure of the pumps was traced to excessive traffic on the control system network, possibly caused by the failure of another control system device.



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