Oil Infrastructure – pipelines, refineries, terminals

Sider, A. and Friedman, N. November 2, 2016. More than half of U.S. Pipelines are at least 46 years old. Building new systems has become harder amid opposition from landowners and environmental groups. Wall Street Journal.

More than 60% of U.S. fuel pipelines were built before 1970, according to federal figures. Recent disruptions on Colonial Pipeline Co.’s fuel artery running up the East Coast show why some energy observers worry that this is a problem.  Carl Weimer, executive director of the advocacy group Pipeline Safety Trust, said fuel pipeline systems can operate safely for decades if they are well maintained. But after 40 or 50 years, problems like corrosion increase.

U.S. OIL Pipelines 2013 (US DOT/RITA reports 49,974 miles of crude and 87,452 miles of refined product pipelines in Table 1-10: U.S. Oil and Gas Pipeline)

  • Transmission liquids pipelines delivered 8,305,840,173 billion barrels of crude oil
  • Transmission liquids pipelines delivered 6,642,068,030 billion barrels of refined products (gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, etc and natural gas liquids (propane, ethane, butane, etc) to terminals
  • In total,  transmission pipelines delivered 14.948 billion barrels of crude oil and petroleum products
  • Pipeline operators reported 192,396 miles of liquids pipeline in operation in the United States, with 60,911 miles devoted to crude oil, 63,532 miles transporting refined petroleum products (gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, etc), and 62,742 miles delivering natural gas liquids (propane, ethane, butane,etc)
Figure 11-30. Total Petroleum Product Movement

Figure 11-30. Total Petroleum Product Movement

Figure 11-26. Major U.S. Product Terminals with gas, diesel, jet fuel, etc for delivery to 160,000 service stations

Figure 11-26. Major U.S. Product Terminals with gas, diesel, jet fuel, etc for delivery to 160,000 service stations

Source: http://www.api.org/~/media/files/oil-and-natural-gas/pipeline/us-pipeline-map-api-website3.pdf

Source: http://www.api.org/~/media/files/oil-and-natural-gas/pipeline/us-pipeline-map-api-website3.pdf

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