Category Archives: Pollution

External costs of coal: probably over $500 billion per year in USA

Paul R. Epstein, et al. 2011. Full cost accounting for the life cycle of coal in “Ecological Economics Reviews.” Robert Costanza, Karin Limburg & Ida Kubiszewski, Eds. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1219: 73–98. This paper tabulates a wide range of … Continue reading

Posted in Chemicals, CO2 and Methane, Coal, Hazardous Waste, Water | Comments Off

China: 20% of soils contaminated, air pollution nearing toxic levels

[Here in California over a third of our air pollution is from China, and in Asia it’s even worse than that] Peak Oil Review. 21 APR 2014. ASPO-USA newsletter. As the weeks roll by, it is becoming clearer that major … Continue reading

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Biomass Electricity More Polluting Than Coal and Waste Incinerators

Trees, Trash, and Toxics: How Biomass Energy Has Become the New Coal Mary S. Booth, PhD Partnership for Policy Integrity April 2 , 2014 Executive Summary Highlights Because of a perfect storm of lax regulation and regulatory rollbacks , biomass … Continue reading

Posted in Air, Biomass, Hazardous Waste | Comments Off

Largest source of Mercury pollution : small gold miners

Mercury Pollution Gold’s Dark Side.  Small-scale artisanal gold mining has become the world’s leading source of mercury pollution, poisoning air, rivers, and people Lizzie Wade.  27 Sep 2013. Science: Vol. 341 no. 6153 pp. 1448-9 Endowed with a unique ability … Continue reading

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Largest oil spill on earth: Plastic in the Oceans

Friedemann, Alice.  15 Feb 2003. The largest oil spill on Earth: Plastic in the Oceans.  EnergyResources. I had a disturbing experience at Cape Canaveral National Sea Shore last month.  I drove to the north end of the park, and walked … Continue reading

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Nuclear Winter in China: Chinese Smog will lower food supplies

Scientists liken Chinese smog to ‘nuclear winter’ February 27, 2014.  by Kim Kyung-Hoon. Reuters. Air pollution in parts of China is now so extreme it could lead to conditions similar to a “nuclear winter,” scientists say. The smog that covers … Continue reading

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Pesticides & Parkinson’s in California’s Central Valley

Horowitz, J. 2012. Parkinson’s Alley.  Recent studies have found statistical links between pesticide use and an outbreak of Parkinson’s disease in California farm towns. Researchers even know which chemicals are the likely culprits. What’s the government doing about it? Not … Continue reading

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Algal blooms more toxic due to climate change and crop fertilizer runoff

Eutrophication from climate change, dams, higher carbon dioxide concentrations, drought, and nutrients from farm and urban runoff is increasing the size, duration, and toxicity of algal blooms in freshwater lakes and estuaries around the world, which threatens aquatic organisms, ecosystem … Continue reading

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Nuclear Proliferation. Russia plans to build reactors all over the world.

A summary of Eve Conant’s “Russia’s new Empire: Nuclear Power. The federation is aggressively selling reactors all over the world, raising safety concerns.” Scientific American. October 17, 2013 Russia wants to supply nuclear power globally.  If a country can’t afford … Continue reading

Posted in Nuclear, Nuclear, Nuclear Power, War | 1 Comment

Microchips and Fab Plants: a Detailed description

I recommend reading my overview of how microchips are made before delving into the details below. Introduction to detailed overview of semiconductor manufacturing The crowning achievement of our civilization is the ability to make microchips.  It is by far the … Continue reading

Posted in Antecedents, Chemicals, Cyberattacks, Microchip Fabrication stops | 7 Comments