Tag Archives: infrastructure

Why You Should Love Trains

Why You Should Love Trains by Alice Friedemann    November 13, 2014 Trains rock! Trains are over 4 times more fuel efficient than trucks. On average it takes just 1 gallon to move a ton 473 miles, using just 2% of … Continue reading

Posted in Railroads, Railroads, Transportation | Tagged , , , , | 2 Comments

Almost half of Rail Freight is Energy, increasingly Crude Oil

Source: American Association of Railroads. 46% of all tonnage hauled by freight trains is Energy: In 2014, crude oil will likely be 650,000 carloads — 2% of all carloads, 2.2% of tonnage.  In addition 2.6% of rail tonnage was refined … Continue reading

Posted in Oil & Gas, Pipeline, Railroads, Refining, Trucks | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off

$46 Trillion Infrastructure in USA, $6 Trillion is Transportation

James Howard Kunstler has written that Suburbia will be the largest waste of money and physical assets in human history. The end of the age of oil means that just about everything will be useless too.  Below is just the … Continue reading

Posted in Transportation | Tagged , | 1 Comment

The Impact of Climate Change on California: 8th Largest Economy, 40% of U.S. Shipping

Introduction California’s economy and population relies on one of the most extensive and costly infrastructure systems in the world. This includes thousands of miles of roads, highways and railroads, nearly 200 large water reservoirs of varying capacity, miles of canals, … Continue reading

Posted in Electricity, Energy, Extreme Weather, Heat, Oil & Gas, Railroads, Sea Level Rise, Transportation | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Comments Off

Expressways & Interstates are only designed to last for 20 years

Roads are Essential There are 4,016,741 miles of roads in the United States.  The most critical roads are the almost 47,000 miles long with 55,000 bridges and 4 or more lanes wide Interstate Highways, the largest single investment the American people … Continue reading

Posted in Infrastructure, Roads | Tagged , , , , , | 2 Comments

A Century from Now Concrete Will be Nothing But Rubble

Photo: road abandoned since 1984 in the Florida Keys Concrete is an essential part of our infrastructure. And it’s all falling apart, as Robert Courland’s 2011 book Concrete Planet makes clear. The Romans built concrete structures that lasted over 2 … Continue reading

Posted in Concrete, Infrastructure, Infrastructure, Predictions, Roads | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Will we go out with a whimper instead of a bang? Cyberwar more likely than nuclear war

A book review by Alice Friedemann of “CYBER WAR. The Next Threat to National Security and What to Do About It” by Richard A. Clarke and Robert K. Knake. The New York Times describes author Richard Clarke as a former … Continue reading

Posted in Cyber, CyberAttack Book Reviews, CyberAttacks, Cyberattacks, War | Tagged , , , , , , | 4 Comments

Critical infrastructure list vulnerable to enemy cyberattack

These are all essential for the functioning of an economy. Destruction or compromise of any of these systems/services would be debilitating either directly or through cascading effects. Agriculture Banking and Finance Chemical and Hazardous materials Commercial assets Dams Defense industrial … Continue reading

Posted in CyberAttacks, Infrastructure Attacks | Tagged , | Comments Off

Oil and Gas infrastructure are falling apart

Beneath Cities, a Decaying Tangle of Gas Pipes March 23, 2014. Patrick McGeehan et al. New York Times It is a danger hidden beneath the streets of New York City, unseen and rarely noticed: 6,302 miles of pipes transporting natural … Continue reading

Posted in Climate Change, Energy, Oil & Gas | Tagged , , , , | Comments Off

Climate change will cause blackouts & brownouts as energy infrastructure brought down

11 July 2013. John M. Broder. Climate Change Will Cause More Energy Breakdowns, U.S. Warns. New York Times. The nation’s entire energy system is vulnerable to increasingly severe and costly weather events driven by climate change, according to a report … Continue reading

Posted in Blackouts, Climate Change, Energy | Tagged , , , , | Comments Off