Category Archives: Coal

Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) & Coal-to-liquids (CTL) can not compensate for declining oil production

Notes from 34 page: Höök, M., et al. 2014. Hydrocarbon liquefaction: viability as a peak oil mitigation strategy. Philosophical Transactions. Series A: Mathematical, physical, and engineering science, 372 Current world capacity of hydrocarbon liquefaction is around 400,000 barrels per day … Continue reading

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Coal-to-liquids (CTL) can not compensate for declining oil & natural gas production

Notes from 23 page: Höök, M. & Aleklett, K. 2010. A review on coal-to-liquid fuels & its coal consumption. International journal of energy research Vol. 34 10:848-864 Annual decline in existing crude oil production is around 4-8%, equivalent to an … Continue reading

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Hydrocarbon liquids, drop-in fuels, oil refining, oil distribution, GTL, CTL

Notes from 41 page: National Petroleum Council. 2012. Chapter 11: Hydrocarbon Liquids.                        Hydrocarbon liquids have properties that make them high-quality transportation fuels and allow the supply chain to operate … Continue reading

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Carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology roadmap 2013 IEA

Notes from 63 page: IEA. 2013. Technology Roadmap Carbon capture and storage (CCS). International Energy Agency. A total cumulative mass of approximately 120 Gt CO2 would need to be captured and stored between 2015 and 2050, across all regions of … Continue reading

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Peak Coal in China likely to be around 2024

Wang, J. September 4, 2013. Chinese coal supply and future production outlooks. Energy 60: 204-214. [below are excerpts, go to original article above to see all of it] ABSTRACT China’s energy supply is dominated by coal, making projections of future … Continue reading

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Coal or Biomass & Coal to Liquids: CTL, DCL, & CBTL technology

Gray, D., et al. August 1, 2012.  Topic Paper #8 Production of Alternative Liquid Hydrocarbon Transportation Fuels from Natural Gas, Coal, and Coal and Biomass (XTL). National Petroleum Council Background With national energy security still being a dominant concern because … Continue reading

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Industrial Waste Heat – more BTUs than all renewable energy resources combined

Industrial waste heat Coal, natural gas, and oil are essential for the high temperatures required in the thermal processing of metals, cement, fertilizer, glass, processed foods, and so on. About 420 trillion Btus of this is wasted, and some of … Continue reading

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EROI negative for Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) at Shenuha Direct Coal Liquefaction plant

Kong, Z. et al. 23 January 2015. EROI Analysis for Direct Coal Liquefaction without and with CCS: The Case of the Shenhua DCL Project in China. Energies 8(2): 786-807.   Many nations see coal-to-liquids (CTL) as a way to avoid … Continue reading

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All About Coal

[Below are my notes, statistics, and so on about coal from many publications] United States Coal Production     Coal Production Map by region (2011 million short tons, % change from 2010). Source: Quarterly Coal Report, October- December 2011 (April … Continue reading

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Two-thirds of coal to power sector delivered by railroads

June 11, 2014  U.S. Energy Information Administration www.eia.gov Railroad deliveries continue to provide the majority of coal shipments to the power sector Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-923, Power Plant Operations Report Note: Sum of components may not equal … Continue reading

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